Aging Water Infrastructure Means More Municipal Capex

Water Infrastructure


Aging US water infrastructure translates to increased municipal spending in 2017, focusing on replacements rather than repairs, and a commitment to follow through on planned investments. Grassroots℠ Research shows that this trend is likely to continue.

Interviews with officials in charge of, or familiar with, local water infrastructure for municipalities in the US revealed that budgets/spending intentions for water infrastructure for 2017 are up vs. 2016 for three-fifths due to the age of the infrastructure necessitating more replacements than repairs, and the general availability of more funding through rate hikes and/or revenue bonds and state loans. However, budgets/spending intentions are flat for slightly more than one-third of sources, who said funding remains the same and ongoing projects are moving forward, with officials highlighting the general need for more/higher spending in the future; and down for one due to an expensive, special project completed last year.

None of our sources canceled or delayed any planned investments in water infrastructure in the past six months.

Meanwhile, no sources canceled or delayed any planned investments in water infrastructure in the past six months, noting that only something extraordinary or a lack of funding would cause such actions. All continued with planned investments in replacements, repairs, and technology upgrades, frequently noting that if they do not spend what is budgeted, they do not get to roll it over to the next year's budget.

More-intensive projects are planned and more funding will be available due to the age of the infrastructure requiring upgrades.

Looking ahead, slightly more than half of sources expect an increase in their investment needs for water infrastructure in the next three years, as more-intensive projects are planned and more funding will be available due to the age of the infrastructure requiring upgrades, while slightly more than one-third said it likely will remain unchanged, as funding probably will remain the same and no major needs are foreseen beyond what currently is underway.


Robo Advisors: Early Disrupters In Private Wealth Management

Kelly A. Reuba | 05/13/2017


According to two new Grassroots℠ Research surveys, robo-advice has the potential to help both investors – and advisors – alike. While automated services may be an attractive low-cost solution, not everyone is willing to forgo the personal touch.

Is the future of wealth management digital, or is this trend overplayed? While it may be too soon to tell, it's clear that "robo-advisors" – automated, online wealth-management services that provide algorithm-based portfolio-management advice – are continuing to attract attention from investors. Moreover, increasing numbers of financial advisors are beginning to use "systematic" or "robotic" investment strategies in their own practices.

To learn more about this trend in the private wealth-management industry, GrassrootsSM Research conducted two surveys in February 2017. The first targeted individual investors, while the second focused on independent and corporate financial advisors.

Investors like low fees but appreciate personal advice

The findings from our first survey indicated that, as expected, the lower costs associated with robo-advice are a key factor in the growth of these services. Slightly more than half of the individual investors we surveyed cited the lack of fees, or low annual fees, as the biggest appeal of robo-advisors. However, this didn't prevent investors who use financial advisors for private wealth management from also appreciating the tailored services their advisors offer.

Only 36 per cent of respondents said they were somewhat to highly willing to try a robo-advisor in 2017 – a decrease when compared with our February 2016 survey results (44 per cent). Among those investors who use a financial advisor, slightly more than half said they are highly unlikely to switch their investments either fully or partially to a robo-advisor.

Advisors see selective value in robo-advice

Financial advisors also told us that robo-advisors are not very disruptive to their businesses: Only 10 per cent saw any client interest versus 24 per cent last year. Some of this may be due to a slightly older demographic in our newer study, and advisors did say they expect to see a higher impact from robo-advisors as millennials earn more money to invest.

Investor net worth is another important factor: Advisors say that sophisticated investors with large portfolios expect a personalized approach that robo-advisors do not offer. This reinforces the finding that robo-advisors are more relevant to investors with smaller portfolios who are more sensitive to costs. We also found that advisors themselves are beginning to use robo-advisors as part of the services they provide – primarily to manage smaller accounts more efficiently. This again shows the cost-management value of robo-advice, which may end up bringing more lower-value investors into the advice realm.

The future is digital

Looking ahead, robo-advisors could become a greater competitive challenge to financial intermediaries – particularly given that younger investors expect to have more digital engagement with their finances. In the face of this challenge, advisors we surveyed said they will continue to emphasize and reinforce their value propositions, specifically the value of their broad financial-planning expertise and the personal relationship they can form with their clients. At the same time, we also found that advisors are committed to incorporating the latest technologies into their practices to help them work more efficiently with their clients:

  • Several advisors use improved planning and analytics software, including risk tools that help them have more informed conversations with their clients.
  • Others are also investing in improved customer relationship management tools.
  • Some advisors point to the future ability of artificial intelligence and virtual reality to help them customize services for clients and respond more dynamically to their needs.

While robo-advisors may be struggling to gain ground in some areas of the market, there is no doubt that digital technology could play a bigger role in private wealth management in the future.

Robo Advice Chart




Kelly A. Reuba

Director, Global Head of Grassroots℠ Research
San Francisco, California
Ms. Reuba is a director with Allianz Global Investors, which she joined in 1997. She is a member of the global research council and the global head of Grassroots℠ Research, a division that commissions proprietary and customized investigative research for asset-management professionals. Ms. Reuba is responsible for ensuring that the Grassroots℠ division meets the needs of the firm’s global investment platform, managing nine in-house staff members and overseeing the research contributions received from more than 350 independent contractors. She was previously the director of national programs for the Business Committee for the Arts, Inc. Ms. Reuba has a B.A. in philosophy from the University of Notre Dame.
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